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PC Engine CD / TurboGrafx-CD

Company NEC
System PC Engine CD / TurboGrafx-CD
Produced 1988-1994


Alternative Names:

The PC-Engine was a collaborative effort between Japanese software maker Hudson Soft (which maintains a chip-making division) and NEC.

The PC Engine was and is a very small video game console, due primarily to a very efficient three-chip architecture and its use of HuCards, credit-card sized data cartridges. "HuCard" (Hudson Card; also referred to as "TurboChip" in North America) was derived from Hudson Soft.

It was the first console to have an optional CD module, allowing the standard benefits of the CD medium: more storage, cheaper media costs, and redbook audio. The efficient design, backing of many of Japan's major software producers, and the additional CD ROM capabilities gave the PC Engine a very wide variety of software, with several hundred games for both the HuCard and CD formats.

The TurboGrafx-16 was the first video game console in North America to have a CD-ROM peripheral (following the pioneering spirit of the PC-Engine CD-ROM add-on in Japan).

PC Engine Super CD-ROM� (1991)
Designed for the CoreGrafx II

PC Engine Duo (1991)
Combination PC Engine + CD ROM system, dark grey, has a CD door lock and headphone port

PC Engine Duo R (1993)
Same as the Duo, but white/beige, shaped differently, and lacks the lock and headphone port.

PC Engine Duo RX (1994)
Same as the Duo R, slightly blue in colour. The only PCE packaged with a six-button pad.

In 1992 TTi (Turbo Technologies Inc.) released the TurboDuo, the North American version of the Japanese Duo. The system combined the TurboGrafx-16 and an enhanced version of the CD-ROM drive (the "Super CD-ROM�") into a single unit. The system could play audio CDs, CD+Gs, CD-ROM2 and Super CD games as well as standard HuCards.


CPU: Memory: Video: Audio: Media: